The legend about how to see-read the icons that precede the book titles on the list. All four categories shares the descriptions “what does the number of icons mean”, so in order not to spread out the legend, they are described collectively, first we describing what a given color means, and then what the number of icons means.

– Books with “anthropomorphic” turtles, all who can talk count, of course, but also those that have silent roles, but don’t behave like ordinary turtles
– Real, normal turtles.
– Books in which “turtle” is a human, both if it is only his name/nickname, and if he is more involved in the topic (like a superhero/criminal who wears turtle outfits). An important detail, if, for example, someone says to someone “You turtle”, using it as an insult, because the person is just a slow, (it”s used as one-time term, not a permanent name), it does not count in this category.
– All kinds of turtle devices/vehicles/machines – by appearance or with a turtle name.

– The book only mentions the word (both the word “turtle” as well as a name like “Gamera” or “Franklin” when the context implies that it is about a turtle) or a turtle in the form of a toy, drawing, sculpture (and other artistic forms) or the shell itself is mentioned.
– A turtle appears in the book at least in one scene (in one of the the possible “forms” described above, real, anthro, human, machine). Also books with turtles that appears in more scenes, but without much importance for the plot.
– Turtles or a turtle appear in the book and play(s) an important role, but not crucial. It may be a longer fragment focused on them, or several smaller but distinctive appearances.

– There is a turtle or turtles in the book and they are the axis of the plot, an element whose removal would make the entire book meaningless.

We have separated articles about:
Terry Pratchett’s books (from Discworld and others, including those written “in a duet”) as a separate text.
Spellsinger series by Alan Dean Foster
Malazan Book of the Fallen series by Steven Erikson
Dark Tower series by Stephen King

A subset of books written by Dawid Juraszek:
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 1. Biały tygrys
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 2. Niebieski smok
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 3. Czerwony ptak
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 4. Czarny żółw

A subset of books written by Michael Crichton:
Jurassic Park – Michael Crichton
The Lost World – Michael Crichton
Travels – Michael Crichton

A subset of books written by J.K. Rowling :
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s/Philospher’s Stoney
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
*^*(There are no mentions of turtles in the other two volumes of Harry Potter )*^*

A subset of books about the Star Wars universe:
Darth Plagueis – James Luceno
Shatterpoint – Matthew Stover
Scoundrels – Timothy Zahn
The Mandalorian Armor – Kevin W. Jeter
Tales from Jabba’s Palace – Various
X-Wing I. Rogue Squadron – Michael A. Stackpole
Children of the Jedi – Barbara Hambly
Young Jedi Knights: Trouble on Cloud City – Kevin J. Anderson, Rebecca Moesta
Fate of the Jedi I: Outcast – Aaron Allston
Fate of the Jedi VI: Vortex – Troy Denning

New Canon:
Inquisitor: Rise of the Red Blade – Delilah S. Dawson
Thrawn – Timothy Zahn
Stories of Jedi and Sith – Various

Turtle Diary – Russel Hoban
Spod znaku żółwia – Konstanty Stecki
Turtles All the Way Down – John Green
Dead Man’s Folly – Agatha Christie
Znak żółwia – Eugeniusz Paukszta
The Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck
Esio Trot – Roald Dahl
The Poppy War – Rebecca F. Kuang
The Neverending Story – Michael Ende
Дорога стали и надежды – Dmitrij Manasypow
The Rise of Endymion – Dan Simmons
The Fall of Hyperion – Dan Simmons
Kanada. Ulubiony kraj świata – Katarzyna Wężyk
Journey to the Center of the Earth – Jules Verne
Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen – Christopher McDougall
Mistborn: The Hero of Ages – Brandon Sanderson
The Bands of Mourning – Brandon Sanderson
Return of the Crimson Guard – Ian Cameron Esslemont
Stonewielder – Ian Cameron Esslemont
Orb Sceptre Throne – Ian Cameron Esslemont
Blood and Bone – Ian Cameron Esslemont
Deadhouse Landing – Ian Cameron Esslemont
Squadron 303 – Arkady Fiedler
The Path of Daggers – Robert Jordan
Cry of the Kalahari – Mark Owens, Delia Owens
Project Hail Mary – Andy Weir
Opowieści z meekhańskiego pogranicza. Północ–Południe – Robert M. Wegner
Pamięć wszystkich słów. Opowieści z meekhańskiego pogranicza – Robert M. Wegner
The Rise and Fall of D.O.D.O. – Neal Stephenson, Nicole Galland
Każde martwe marzenie – Robert M. Wegner
Więzień Oswobodzony. Miecze i słowa – Przemysław Duda
Tomek w krainie kangurów – Alfred Szklarski
Forge of the High Mage – Ian C. Esslemont
Mars – Rafał Kosik
Yumi and the Nightmare Painter – Brandon Sanderson
Zawisza Czarny – Jakub Ćwiek
Fuga. Powieść polifoniczna – Magdalena Anna Sakowska
Empuzjon – Olga Tokarczuk
Futu.Re – Dmitry Glukhovsky
Cyberiada – Stanisław Lem
Kongres futurologiczny – Stanisław Lem

Pupular science:
Due to the considerable difference in content between ordinary fiction and broadly understood (popular) scientific books, this type of book has its own mini-legend.
Turtles are only in the form of one or more verbal mentions. Possibly in the form of a small picture/photo or a small part of a larger picture/photo.
Larger turtle element, e.g. large photo, fragment of several sentences, etc.
An even bigger turtle element, for example, several pages of text.
A very large share of turtles, books entirely devoted to turtles, as well as those that discussed, for example, amphibians and reptiles and “only” 1/5 the book is devoted to turtles.

Darwin and the True Story of the Dinosaurs/Darwin e la vera storia dei dinosauri – Luca Novelli
Przed i po dinozaurach – Andrzej Trepka
Wielki błękit Dariusz Sepioło
Do Animals Fall in Love? – Katharina von der Gathen (text), Anke Kuhl (illustrator )
What Do Animals Think And Feel? – Karsten Brensing
How Animals Grieve – Barbara J. King
Furry Logic: The Physics of Animal Life – Matin Durrani, Liz Kalaugher
Zwierzęta, zwierzęta – Andrzej Trepka
Zwierzęta nocy – Hanna i Antoni Gucwińscy
Horrible Geography – Odious Oceans – Anita Ganeri, Mike Philips (illustrator )
Horrible Geography – Wild Islands – Anita Ganeri, Mike Philips (illustrator )
Charles Darwin – Anna Sproule
Planet Earth: As You’ve Never Seen It Before – Alastair Fothergill, Vanessa Berlowitz, Mark Brownlow, Huw Cordey, Jonathan Keeling
Oceans: Exploring the Hidden Depths of the Underwater World – Paul Rose, Anne Laking
The Blue Planet. A natural History of the Oceans – Andrew Byatt, Alastair Fothergill, Martha Holmes
A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes – Stephen Hawking
Last Chance to See – Douglas Adams, Mark Carwardine
Last Chance to See: In the Footsteps of Douglas Adams – Mark Carwardine
The Red Queen. Sex and the Ewolution of Human nature – Matt Ridley
The Hunt – Alastair Fothergill, Huw Cordey
Planet Earth the photographs – Alastair Fothergill
Planet Earth II: A New World Revealed – Stephen Moss
Walking with Dinosaurs: A Natural History – Tim Haines
Blue Planet II – James Honeyborne, Mark Brownlow
Evolve or Die – Phil Gates
Animals of A Bygone Era – Maja Säfström
Africa: Eye to Eye with the Unknown – Michael Bright
Incedible Journeys Amazing Animal Migrations – Dwight Holing
Animalium – Jenny Broom, Katie Scott
Nasty Nature – Nick Arnold, Tony De Saulles
Mapy – Obrazkowa podróż po lądach, morzach i kulturach świata – Aleksandra i Daniel Mizielińscy

A subset of books written by David Attenborough:
Life on Earth
The Living Planet
The First Eden: The Mediterranean World and Man
The Trials of Life
The Private Life of Plants
The Life of Birds
The Life of Mammals
Life in Cold Blood
Life Stories
New Life Stories
Adventures of a Young Naturalist
Journeys to the Other Side of the World: further adventures of a young naturalist

A subset of books written by Richard Dawkins (we also mention his books without elements):
Selfish gene – Without turtle elements.
The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design
River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life
The Magic of Reality: How We Know What’s Really True
The Ancestor’s Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life (First edition)
(The God Delusion)
The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution
An Appetite For Wonder: The Making of a Scientist – Without turtle elements.
Brief Candle in the Dark. My Life in Science (
The Ancestor’s Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life (Second edition) – Co-author: Yan Wong.
Science in the Soul: Selected Writings of a Passionate Rationalist

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