Spellsinger Series

An eight-volume book series written by Alan Dean Foster, the first six volumes were published between 1983 and 1987, the last two were released after a short break, in 1993 and 1994.

At the moment, fives volumes are described in the database, but according to our information, the turtle mage, Clothahump, appears in all eight books – when we read them, we will add notes about them to the TD.

Books in series:
The Hour of the Gate
The Day of the Dissonance
The Moment of the Magician
The Paths of the Perambulator
The Time of the Transference
Son of Spellsinger
Chorus Skating


The trivia section contains a lot of various information. It is of course not a cross-sectional description of given topics, but only a few words.

We have divided the collected curiosities into nine subcategories:
Turtles – general interesting facts about real turtles.
Fauna and Flora – interesting facts about fauna and flora related to turtles.
Slang – linguistic trivia.
Vehicles – trivia about various vehicles, including cars, planes, trains, etc.
Mythology – various turtles trivia from different mythologies.
Miscellaneous – Trivia that doesn’t fit into any other category.

Osobno wyróżniliśmy trzy rodzaje Żółwiej Symboliki:
Associated with countries and regions – as in the name.
Associated with sport – as in the name.
Miscellaneous – the remaining trivia related to the symbolism and not fitting in the aboves.

Video Games

As in other note-lists, almost at the very beginning we include a legend about how to see-read the icons that precede the game titles on the list. First, however, we will mention that in the game database we do not include games from the Pokemon, Ninja Turtles, Mario universes – as we can be actually 100% sure that some turtles are in them. About TMNT video games we prepared a general article, notes about the others will be available soon.

Returning to the legend, the first two categories are divided by descriptions “what the number of icons means”, so in order not to spread the note, they are described together, first we describing what a given color means, and then what the number of icons means.

– Games with real turtles
– Games with “anthropomorphic” turtles – all those who talk, of course, but also those who have silent roles, but behave not-like-ordinary-turtles.

– There is only a verbal mention in the game or a turtle in the form of a toy, drawing, sculpture (and other artistic forms) or only the shell (without the owner) is shown.
– A real live turtle appears in the game at least for a second. Also games with turtles visible in one longer or a few smaller scenes but without much importance for the plot.
– A real live turtle or turtles appears in the game and plays important role, but not crucial. It may be a longer fragment focused on them, or several smaller but distinctive appearances.
– There is a real live turtle or turtles in the game and they are the axis for storyline, they are the main character, etc.

Color number 4 – TMNT related games!
– Games where ninja turtles are only mentioned in some way or appear in the form of a toy, drawing, etc. or music from ninja turtles is used.
– Games in which ninja turtles appear in some form on the screen.
– Ninja turtles appear in the game and play an important role, but not crucial. It may be a longer fragment focused on them, or several smaller but distinctive appearances.
– Games in which Ninja turtles constitute the plot axis, the removal of which would make the whole game meaningless (but as TMNT games are not described, this stamp will probably remain unused).

Color number 5 – Only a musical reference (hereinafter referred to as “turtle music” for simplicity) – at the moment these are mainly The Turtles songs used in the games. (Any use of TMNT music counts as a reference to TMNT, not music!)
– A song used in the soundtrack appears.
– A song appears, but it is woven into the plot, eg the characters sing it.
– Turtle music is an important part of the game.
– The game is all about turtle music.

Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (PlayStation 2, Windows, Xbox , Mac OS X, później także porty na systemy mobilne (iOS, Android, Windows Phone, Fire OS) oraz nowsze konsole, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3)

Over the Hedge (Game Boy Advance, GameCube , Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox )

Toss The Turtle (Flash)

Turtle Fly – Into Space (iOS)

Hungry Shark Evolution (Windows, iOS, Android)

Destiny (Xbox 360, Xbox One, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4)

Box Turtle Simulator (iOS, Android)
Suрer Toss The Turtle (iOS, Android)
War Tortoise (iOS)

Destiny 2 (Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Stadia, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S)
Turtle Evolution (iOS, Android)

Cell to Singularity – Evolution Never Ends (iOS, Android, Mac OS, Windows)
Vampyr (Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintento Switch)

Cyberpunk 2077 (Windows, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, Xbox One, Xbox Series X/S, Google Stadia)
War Tortoise 2 (iOS, Android)


In this section we have collected various short films we found and in which a turtle appears in some form. And what exactly are short films? First, a quote from researchguides.dartmouth.edu site: A broad category of films defined by their short running time in comparison with that of the feature film. For the purposes of the ‘Animated Short Film’ and ‘Live Action Short Film’ categories in the Academy Awards, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences defines a short film as forty minutes or less. At the Venice Film Festival, the limit set in entries in the short film category is thirty minutes or less.

As you can see, the short film is not clearly defined – 5, 7 or 10 minute film/animation is unquestionably considered by everyone as short, but with longer things, it is not so obvious For the purposes of TurtleDex, at the moment, we assumed 30 minutes as the maximum duration qualifying movie as “short”.

We divided the notes into thirteen categories, according to several different criteria, such as production studio, turtle character, genre (i.e. live action/documentary), etc.:
Cecil – one of the most famous named turtles, so although all animations with him come from the Warner Bros studio described below, he got his own note.
Warner Bros – producer of the Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes animations series
Toby – Similarly to the Cecil, he is a well-known turtle, he was animated by Disney, we described their works the note below, but he got his own note.
Disney – producer-tycoon on the animation market, created series such as Silly Symphonies, animations about Pluto, Mickey Mouse and many others.
Betty Boops, Flip the Frog, Strawberry Shortcake – Unusual , in one note we collected three “types” of animations, each of the three mentioned characters has 2-3 films (with a turtle element). Instead of making notes for 2-3 entries, we decided to describe them collectively.
Related to cinema films – Short films that are usually a small spin-ofss for a large animated film, like Kung Fu Panda, Toy Story etc.
Noveltoons – A series of animations produced for Paramount Pictures.
Live action – Everything with live people on screen (but not documentary, these are below).
Documentary – The name says it all. Mostly with real people, but there is also one animated.
Walter Lantz – Animations created by Walter Lantz.
Popeye – Animations in which the common element is Popeye the sailor appearing as the main character.
Various Tortoise and the Hare – Various shorts (mostly animated, but not all) telling the story of the Tortoise and the Hare.
Other animation – Various animations not falling under any of the groups above.


Turtles are popular in virtually every field of human artistic activity – so naturally, they could not be missing in sculptures.

For the sake of clarity, we have divided the sculptures into two main types, ie fountain sculptures (which also includes any “merely-ornamental” turtles that are part of a fountain, not just those that “squirt water” personally) and “normal” sculptures. For even more clarity, we have also divided these notes geographically.
Fountains: North and South America | Africa, Asia, Australia | Europe
Sculptures: Europe | Africa, Asia, Australia | North and South America | USA

In addition, we also have in our database bigger form, turtles shaped – buildings. Of course, it could be argued whether these are still sculptures, but here they probably fit best.

The above-described objects are located all over the world, in China “and around” you can find, however, two types of turtle sculptures characteristic only for this region. The first are Bixi, i.e. turtle-like (turtle shell-likeness is minimum, sometimes the head is also turtle-like) bases for the stelae. The second case areturtle-shaped graves, appearing in the single “version”, as well as tombs in which entire generations are buried for years.

Importantly, the sculptures shown should be treated primarily in encyclopedic categories, not necessarily as a guide for visiting – most of the objects shown are probably still in the places described, but this is not something that we have verified for each of the described cases.


As the name suggests, this secton of TD focuses on advertising. Of course, with turtles, one way or another. We divided ads into fifteen collective notes, the title of each should quite well reflects what ads are discussed.

Advertising: Automotive | Comcast | TurtleWax | Television | Banking | Toys | Drinks | Beer
Telecommunications | Food | Electronics | Places | Social | Miscellaneous 1 | Miscellaneous 2

Advertisements related to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Pokemon we did not add to TurtleDex, assuming that especially in the case of Ninja Turtles, there would be too many of these ads to describe, and naturally, if something is an advertisement of a TMNT toy, it is for sure have some turtle elements.

Art – Paintings

As in other types of creativity, also in painting there are many artists who have devoted a certain dose of attention to turtles.

In the database we have collected rather older works, not modern ones, without detailed notes about the creators (only basic information, i.e. personal details, country of origin, years of life), the works themselves with titles, and of course you can see what is on them. You can easily google more information about artists if you want more information.

We divided our collection into four notes, divided by the origin of their authors, collected into groups, we tried to make the notes with similar size.
We have: French and Dutch | Belgians, Flemish and Spaniards | Italians | Americans, English, Austrians, Czechs, Indians, Germans, South Africans, Hungarians

Famous turtles

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (incl. Slash, Venus and Jennika)
These turtles, the basic four, Leonardo, Michaelangelo, Raphael and Donatello are definitely among the most famous turtle characters – they have a comic book origin, but over the years they have broken away from it quite strongly, and they function as heroes of comics, animated series and (mainy live action) cinema films – it depends who you ask. In addition to the aforementioned four, the live action series also featured the turtle, Venus, and in various versions of the turtle world, Slash also appears, a mutant turtle, large and usually wilder. There is also Jennika in comic series by IDW. It’s hard to talk about the existence of one, canonical explanation of the origin of the turtles – these can be highly variable.
There is no shortage of turtles in the world of Pokemon – starting with the first series of the games, where one of the starters (pokemon that the player could choose at start) was a turtle, Squirtle! With the evolution, this resulted in three turtles at the very beginning. Later, as new regions were “discovered”, the number of turtles increased. Of course, you could see them everywhere, in games, manga, anime, and everything else that has been created around Pokemon over the years.
A huge turtle, in the style of the well-known Godzilla. It is also derived from Japanese films, with twelve officially movies grouped in three “series” (with the last series having only one film). There were also a few mangas and a comic with Gamera, and a guest appearance “here and there”.
Franklin and his family.
The “Canadian” turtle, createdby Paulette Bourgeois (a Canadian) who wrote a huge number of books with him, in which, apart from him, there are his parents and little sister. In addition to the books, there are also two animated tv-series about Franklin, one in a more classic animation style and the other in typical CGI
World Turtle
This “figure” is essentially semi-mythical, according to old beliefs the whole world was to rest on its shell, or its shell was to be the world itself. This vision was later the subject of many references. Probably the best known is A’Tuin, which has its own note.
A huge turtle (Chelys galactica) from Discworld series, with four elephants resting on its shell on which the disk itself rests. It mainly appears in T. Pratchett’s books about the Discworld, usually only at the level of “what a disk looks like” decription. Obviously, it also appears in works inspired by the series, comics, movies etc..
The Turtle master from the Kung Fu Panda trilogy – he invented Kung Fu himself! In addition to the movies, he also appears in the tv-series and in the general merchandise from this franchise.
This turtle is the protagonist of the series about The Swan Princess. He has appeared in all of the series’ movies, playing a minor or major role, but he was always present.
Turtles from Mario/.
As part of the Mario universe, there is the Koopa turtle race, which appears in the mass of works from this universe (including, above all, games, of course). They are quite differentiated, and the best-known varieties are probably Bowser and Koopa Troopa.
Crush and Squirt.
Two turtles from “Finding Nemo” and the sequel, “Finding Dory“. The older of them, Crush, apart from the two films mentioned, is also an important element of the attractions of various Disneylands.
Mock Turtle
A character from the “Alice in Wonderland” book that probably everyone has heard of. Over the years since its premiere, this story has been adapted in many many ways in probably every possible medium. In many of this adaptatnions, “Mock turtle” have some role.
Roshi is a very important character from the Dragon Ball universe, an iconic fighting technique of this series, “Kame Hame Ha” was invented by him. He wears a turtle shell on his back, and is friend with a real turtle (anthropomorphic, he also appears in many episodes and has a lot of dialogues). Manga and anime heroes (and side products, of course).
The Tortoise (and The Hare)
A character from Aesop’s fairy tale, also quite widely known. Over the years there was maaaany interpretations and references, “The Tortoise” is quite a popular character whose traces can be found everywhere, from books to comics to movies, tv-series, commercials and whatever comes to mind.
Toby Tortoise
Toby Tortoise is one of the two most famous incarnations of the turtle from the mentioned above “the Tortoise and the Hare”, he appears in Disney cartoons.
Cecil Turtle
Cecil Turtle is the second of the most famous incarnations of the turtle from the “The Tortoise and the Hare”, he appears in Looney Tunes cartoons.
Verne is a turtle, one of the three main characters of the comic strip “Over the Hedge” and the things that derived from this series.
Bert the Turtle
The protagonist of the instructional film “Duck and Cover” showing how to behave in the face of a nuclear explosion – Bert gained some popularity.
Lonesome George
Considered the last of the Chelonoidis abingdonii tortoises (also known as the “Pinta giant tortoise”), which has gained him some popularity and media recognition. He died in 2012.
Official mascot of the University of Maryland. This Diamondback terrapin is ubiquitous in the symbolism associated with this college, on campus, sports teams and so on.
Yertle the Turtle
The hero of the “Yertle the Turtle and Other Stories”, quite popular book, he also appears (is referenced) in many places.
Touche Turtle
The protagonist of the series “Touché Turtle and Dum Dum”, he also has a few other appearances.
Kappa is a creature found in Japanese folklore, a demonic creature that often has turtle features (mainly a characteristic shell) in his appearance.
Little Turtle
A Miami Indian chief, named after the turtle.
Testudo formation
It is not a literal turtle, it is “only by name”, a turtle called military formation. It appears in various places (movies, series, comics, books) so we decided that it is something that can be included in the list of “famous turtles”
Aeschylus is not the name of a turtle, but a philosopher who, according to historical “sources” (not necessarily considered authentic), was killed by a turtle, or more precisely, by an eagle who wanted to smash the turtle’s shell against a stone, but hit Aeschylus. This theme reappeared “here and there”, hence its presence on this list.
Turtles all the way down
The relatively popular concept, that the earth rests on a turtle, and that turtle rests on another turtle, and so on, forever.
Achilles and the Tortoise
One of the paradoxes of Zeno of Elea uses the turtle as an example to show that Achilles will never be able to catch up with him.


The legend about how to see-read the icons that precede the book titles on the list. All four categories shares the descriptions “what does the number of icons mean”, so in order not to spread out the legend, they are described collectively, first we describing what a given color means, and then what the number of icons means.

– Books with “anthropomorphic” turtles, all who can talk count, of course, but also those that have silent roles, but don’t behave like ordinary turtles
– Real, normal turtles.
– Books in which “turtle” is a human, both if it is only his name/nickname, and if he is more involved in the topic (like a superhero/criminal who wears turtle outfits). An important detail, if, for example, someone says to someone “You turtle”, using it as an insult, because the person is just a slow, (it”s used as one-time term, not a permanent name), it does not count in this category.
– All kinds of turtle devices/vehicles/machines – by appearance or with a turtle name.

– The book only mentions the word (both the word “turtle” as well as a name like “Gamera” or “Franklin” when the context implies that it is about a turtle) or a turtle in the form of a toy, drawing, sculpture (and other artistic forms) or the shell itself is mentioned.
– A turtle appears in the book at least in one scene (in one of the the possible “forms” described above, real, anthro, human, machine). Also books with turtles that appears in more scenes, but without much importance for the plot.
– Turtles or a turtle appear in the book and play(s) an important role, but not crucial. It may be a longer fragment focused on them, or several smaller but distinctive appearances.

– There is a turtle or turtles in the book and they are the axis of the plot, an element whose removal would make the entire book meaningless.

Due to the abundance, we have separated Terry Pratchett’s books (from Discworld and others, including those written “in a duet”) as a separate text.

A subset of books written by Dawid Juraszek:
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 1. Biały tygrys
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 2. Niebieski smok
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 3. Czerwony ptak
Xiao Long. Jedwab i porcelana. Tom 4. Czarny żółw

A subset of books written by Michael Crichton:
Jurassic Park – Michael Crichton
The Lost World – Michael Crichton
Travels – Michael Crichton

A subset of books written by J.K. Rowling :
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s/Philospher’s Stoney
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
*^*(There are no mentions of turtles in the other two volumes of Harry Potter )*^*

Turtle Diary – Russel Hoban
Spod znaku żółwia – Konstanty Stecki
Turtles All the Way Down – John Green
Dead Man’s Folly – Agatha Christie
Znak żółwia – Eugeniusz Paukszta
The Grapes of Wrath – John Steinbeck
Malazan Book of the Fallen #2 – Deadhouse Gates – Steven Erikson
Malazan Book of the Fallen #5 – Midnight Tides – Steven Erikson
Thrawn – Timothy Zahn
Esio Trot – Roald Dahl
The Poppy War – Rebecca F. Kuang
The Neverending Story – Michael Ende
Дорога стали и надежды – Dmitrij Manasypow
The Rise of Endymion – Dan Simmons
The Fall of Hyperion – Dan Simmons
Kanada. Ulubiony kraj świata – Katarzyna Wężyk
Journey to the Center of the Earth – Jules Verne
Born to Run: A Hidden Tribe, Superathletes, and the Greatest Race the World Has Never Seen – Christopher McDougall

Pupular science:
Due to the considerable difference in content between ordinary fiction and broadly understood (popular) scientific books, this type of book has its own mini-legend.
Turtles are only in the form of one or more verbal mentions. Possibly in the form of a small picture/photo or a small part of a larger picture/photo.
Larger turtle element, e.g. large photo, fragment of several sentences, etc.
An even bigger turtle element, for example, several pages of text.
A very large share of turtles, books entirely devoted to turtles, as well as those that discussed, for example, amphibians and reptiles and “only” 1/5 the book is devoted to turtles.

Darwin and the True Story of the Dinosaurs/Darwin e la vera storia dei dinosauri – Luca Novelli
Przed i po dinozaurach – Andrzej Trepka
Wielki błękit Dariusz Sepioło
Do Animals Fall in Love? – Katharina von der Gathen (text), Anke Kuhl (illustrator )
What Do Animals Think And Feel? – Karsten Brensing
How Animals Grieve – Barbara J. King
Furry Logic: The Physics of Animal Life – Matin Durrani, Liz Kalaugher
Zwierzęta, zwierzęta – Andrzej Trepka
Zwierzęta nocy – Hanna i Antoni Gucwińscy
Horrible Geography – Odious Oceans – Anita Ganeri, Mike Philips (illustrator )
Horrible Geography – Wild Islands – Anita Ganeri, Mike Philips (illustrator )
Charles Darwin – Anna Sproule
Planet Earth: As You’ve Never Seen It Before – Alastair Fothergill, Vanessa Berlowitz, Mark Brownlow, Huw Cordey, Jonathan Keeling
Oceans: Exploring the Hidden Depths of the Underwater World – Paul Rose, Anne Laking
The Blue Planet. A natural History of the Oceans – Andrew Byatt, Alastair Fothergill, Martha Holmes
A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes – Stephen Hawking
Last Chance to See – Douglas Adams, Mark Carwardine
Last Chance to See: In the Footsteps of Douglas Adams – Mark Carwardine
The Red Queen. Sex and the Ewolution of Human nature – Matt Ridley

A subset of books written by David Attenborough:
Life on Earth
The Living Planet
The First Eden: The Mediterranean World and Man
The Trials of Life
The Private Life of Plants
The Life of Birds
The Life of Mammals
Life in Cold Blood
Life Stories
New Life Stories
Adventures of a Young Naturalist
Journeys to the Other Side of the World: further adventures of a young naturalist

A subset of books written by Richard Dawkins (we also mention his books without elements):
Selfish gene – Without turtle elements.
The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe Without Design
River Out of Eden: A Darwinian View of Life
The Magic of Reality: How We Know What’s Really True
The Ancestor’s Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life (First edition)
(The God Delusion)
The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution
An Appetite For Wonder: The Making of a Scientist – Without turtle elements.
Brief Candle in the Dark. My Life in Science (
The Ancestor’s Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life (Second edition) – Co-author: Yan Wong.
Science in the Soul: Selected Writings of a Passionate Rationalist

Discworld, Terry Pratchett

Typically in TurtleDex we only describe things in which WE FOUND turtle elements, those without, we omit. The work of Terry Pratchett is the first of the exceptions to this rule, in addition to the items we have checked and have turtle elements (i.e. MOST of his work!), we also list those that we have researched and did not find turtle elements (you can recognize them by the fact that the title is not link to the note). Of course, the author of all the books is Terry Pratchett, only in the case of co-authorship, we also provide information about other authors.

The legend, info how to understand individual icons can be found in the main note about books.

Discworld series, main 41 volumes:
1 The Colour of Magic
2 The Light Fantastic
3 Equal Rites
4 Mort
5 Sourcery
6 Wyrd Sisters
7 Pyramids
8 Guards! Guards!
9 Faust/Eric
10 Moving Pictures
11 Reaper Man
12 Witches Abroad
13 Small Gods
14 Lords and Ladies
15 Men at Arms
16 Soul Music
17 Interesting Times
18 – Maskerade
19 Feet of Clay
20 Hogfather
21 Jingo
22 The Last Continent
23 Carpe Jugulum
24 The Fifth Elephant
25 The Truth
26 Thief of Time
27 Ostatni bohater
28 – The Amazing Maurice and his Educated Rodents
30 The Wee Free Men
31 – Monstrous Regiment
32 – A Hat Full of Sky
33 – Going Postal
34 – Thud!
35 – Wintersmith
36 Making Money
37 Unseen Academicals
38 I Shall Wear Midnight
39 – Snuff
40 Raising Steam
41 The Shepherd’s Crown

Discworld series, various related books:
The Science of Discworld – With Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen.
The Science of Discworld II – The Globe – With Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen.
The Science of Discworld III – Darwin’s Watch – With Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen.
The Science of Discworld IV – Judgement Day – With Ian Stewart and Jack Cohen.

The Wit and Wisdom of Discworld
The Folklore of Discworld – With Jacqueline Simpson.
Turtle Recall: The Discworld Companion… So Far – With Stephen Briggs.
Where’s My Cow?
Mrs Bradshaw’s Handbook
The Compleat Discworld Atlas
The World of Poo
Seriously Funny: The Endlessly Quotable

The following two books are “between” as they contain collections of texts/stories, some of them related to the Discworld, others not.
A Slip of the Keyboard
A Blink of the Screen: Collected Shorter Fiction

Other books:
Long Earth series:
The Long Earth – Wraz ze Stephenem Baxterem.
The Long War – With Stephen Baxter.
The Long Mars – Wraz ze Stephenem Baxterem.
The Long Utopia – Wraz ze Stephenem Baxterem.
The Long Cosmos – With Stephen Baxter.

(The Bromeliad Trilogy):

Single non-discworld books:
Good Omens – With Neil Gaiman.
The Unadulterated Cat
The Carpet People
The Dark Side of the Sun